AS the Philippines celebrated Earth Day on Saturday amid the planetary chemical and pollution crisis, advocates pushed for actions to ensure chemicals are produced, used and managed in a way that will prevent their harmful impacts on human health, wildlife, environment and the climate.
At a webinar on “Safer Substitutes and Solutions for a Non-Toxic Economy,” advocates from non-profit groups shared ideas on reforming the chemicals industry, which is at the heart of the current global chemical and plastic pollution crisis and also a large contributor to the climate breakdown.
The EcoWaste Coalition, Interfacing Development Interventions for Sustainability (IDIS), Taiwan Watch Institute (TWI), Wonjin Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health (WIOEH) and the International Pollutants Elimination Network – Southeast & East Asia (IPEN-SEA) co-organized the said webinar.
“The petrochemical sector is a key blind spot in the climate crisis yet it will drive half of oil demand between now and 2050. Much of this will go into a doubling of plastic production in the next 20 years,” said Beverley Thorpe from the Clean Production Action and lead author of the Safer Solutions plank of the Louisville Charter for Safer Chemicals, which serves as a shared roadmap for transforming the chemical industry globally so that it is no longer a source of greenhouse emissions and toxic harm.
“Tragically, we are already at ‘code red’ for global chemical pollution,” citing a study by scientists that has concluded that “safer planetary boundary for pollutants has been exceeded,” she said.
“To stop uncontrolled chemical pollution and even more plastic waste, we need a cap on chemical production. But to truly transform this industry we need to decarbonize, detoxify and democratize the way chemicals are produced. Change is possible and the Louisville Charter provides a solutions path forward,” she added.
“The chemical sector transformation requires sustainable chemical design based on green chemistry and green engineering principles,” she also said.
Thorpe said that transformation will bring about benefits, including renewable and low hazard feedstock chemicals, processes that are safe for local communities, and safer material re-use in a circular economy.
As global trends show that chemicals and plastics production will increase exponentially, Vito Buonsante who is IPEN’s Technical and Policy Advisor emphasized the need for an improved Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) and the creation of global green fund to manage chemicals and waste based on the internalizations of costs of chemicals and waste industries in line with the polluter pays principle.
“We should not be exposed as people to toxic chemicals, especially in a world where there are fewer resources and we’re trying to use those resources better towards a circular economy, which should be safe and free of toxic chemicals. We need to apply the right-based approach because we need to protect vulnerable communities. Chemicals need to be central in decision making by governments and that funding is vital,” he said.
“We need to start to think about a world without petrochemicals, and without toxic chemicals,” he added.
Meanwhile, Dr. Junhee Cho, Senior Researcher at WIOEH, spoke about the importance of transparency in chemical information.
“Many people, including children, are exposed to toxic chemicals because they don’t know what’s inside the products they use,” he said.
South Korea is no exemption, he noted, citing the death of over 1,000 people due to exposure to toxic chemicals in humidifier disinfectants.
The tragedy led to a demand for chemical transparency to ensure public safety, which has, among other things, resulted in the voluntary household product safety agreement between industry and citizens with government research groups.
“After long discussion with the companies, over 2,000 household product ingredients are entirely open to the public. Today, people can access the information anytime through the Internet,” he said.
For her part, zero waste advocate Sonia Mendoza, Chairman, Mother Earth Foundation, agreed about the importance of promoting green chemistry and green engineering for chemical safety and sustainability.
She likewise welcomed the 10 policy planks of the Louisville Charter, which provides for the principles and practices towards a reformed chemical sector, as well as the proposed global green fund addressing chemical and waste pollution.
Catherine R. Cueto